THE SUPERNORMAL POWERS
[THE BENEFITS OF CONCENTRATION (CONTINUED)]
 It was said above with reference to the mundane kinds of direct-
knowledge that this development of concentration “provides … the benefit of the
kinds of direct-knowledge” (XI.122). Now, in order to perfect those kinds of
direct-knowledge the task must be undertaken by a meditator who has reached
the fourth jhāna in the earth kasiṇa, and so on. And in doing this, not only will
this development of concentration have provided benefits in this way, it will also
have become more advanced; and when he thus possesses concentration so
developed as to have both provided benefits and become more advanced, he will
then more easily perfect the development of understanding. So meanwhile we
shall deal with the explanation of the kinds of direct-knowledge now.
2. In order to show the benefits of developing concentration to clansmen whose
concentration has reached the fourth jhāna, and in order to teach progressively
refined Dhamma, five kinds of mundane direct-knowledge have been described
by the Blessed One. They are: (1) the kinds of supernormal power, described in
the way beginning, “When his concentrated mind is thus purified, bright,
unblemished, rid of defilement, and has become malleable, wieldy, steady, and
attained to imperturbability,1 he directs, he inclines, his mind to the kinds of
supernormal power. He wields the various kinds of supernormal power. Having
been one, he becomes many …” (D I 77); (2) the knowledge of the divine ear
element; (3) the knowledge of penetration of minds; (4) the knowledge of
recollection of past lives; and (5) the knowledge of the passing away and
reappearance of beings.
[(1) THE KINDS OF SUPERNORMAL POWER]
If a meditator wants to begin performing the transformation by supernormal
power described as, “Having been one, he becomes many,” etc., he must achieve
the eight attainments in each of the eight kasiṇas ending with the white kasiṇa.
He must also have complete control of his mind in the following fourteen ways:
 (i) in the order of the kasiṇa, (ii) in the reverse order of the kasiṇa, (iii) in the
1. Áneñja—“imperturbability”: a term normally used for the four immaterial states,
together with the fourth jhāna. See also §16f., and MN 106.